The concept of the polis

The Cretan city-states continued to be independent except Itanus and Arsinoewhich lay under Ptolemaic influence until the conquest of Crete in 69 BC by Rome.

The foreign residents in a city are now called paroikoi. The Hellenistic kings founded numerous new cities, bringing in Greek and Macedonian settlers who Hellenized part of the local population; in this way the institutions characteristic of the polis spread through much of the Middle East.


Publication of state functions: The Greeks regarded the polis less as a territorial grouping than as a religious and political association: Dwellers of the polis were generally divided into four types of inhabitants, with status typically determined by birth: Acropolis "high city" — the upper part of a polis, often a citadel or the site of major temples Decapolis — a group of ten cities Dodecapolis — a group of twelve cities Pentapolis — a group of five cities Tripolis — a group of three cities, retained in the names of Tripoli in Libyain Greeceand a namesake in Lebanon Polis, Cyprus[ edit ] Located on the northwest coast of Cyprus is the town of Polisor Polis Chrysochous Greek: The town is also well known due to its mythological history, including the site of the Baths of Aphrodite.

The town contained a citadel on raised ground acropolis and a marketplace agora. Absorption of nearby villages and countryside, and the incorporation of their tribes into the substructure of the polis.

Most refer to a special kind of city or state. Citizens with full legal and political rights —that is, free adult men born legitimately of citizen parents. Social classes and citizenship: Sparta until BC after the War against Nabis.

Each polis also contained substantial numbers of noncitizens women, minors, resident aliens, and slaves. Metics could not vote or be elected to office.

The political life of the classical era was transformed into an individualized religious and philosophical view of life see Hellenistic philosophy and religion. Citizens without formal political rights but with full legal rights: Derived words[ edit ] Derivatives of polis are common in many modern European languages.

Derivative words in English include policypolitypoliceand politics. Hellenistic and Roman[ edit ] During the Hellenistic periodwhich marks the decline of the classical polis, the following cities remained independent: Acropolis "high city"AthensGreece — although not a city-polis by itself, but a fortified citadel that consisted of functional buildings and the Temple in honor of the city-sponsoring god or goddess.

During the Cypro-Classical period, Polis became one of the most important ancient Cypriot city-kingdoms on the island, with important commercial relations with the eastern Aegean IslandsAtticaand Corinth.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Greek city-state, or polis, that the city idea reached its peak. Originally a devout association of patriarchal clans, the polis came to be a small self-governing community of citizens, in contrast to the Asian empires and nomadic groups elsewhere in the world.

This is indicative of the influence of the polis-centred Hellenic world view. They had the right to votebe elected into office, and bear armsand the obligation to serve when at war.Polis definition is - a Greek city-state; broadly: a state or society especially when characterized by a sense of community.

How to use polis in a sentence. a Greek city-state; broadly: a state or society especially when characterized by a sense of community See the full definition. A metropolis (/ m ɪ ˈ t r ɒ p əl ɪ s /) is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications.

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Founded by award-winning creative director Rob House in. Video: Greek Polis: Definition & Facts Discover the ancient Greek polis, a term used to describe small communities of ancient Greeks that were among the first recorded democracies in the world.

Polis, plural poleis, ancient Greek city-state. The small state in Greece originated probably from the natural divisions of the country by mountains and the sea and from the original local tribal (ethnic) and cult divisions.

There were several hundred poleis, the history and constitutions of most of which are known only sketchily if at all. The polis (plural, poleis)—also known as a city-state—was the ancient Greek city-state. The word politics comes from this Greek word.

In the ancient world, the polis was a nucleus, the central urban area that could also have controlled the surrounding countryside. .

The concept of the polis
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