The education system creates the myth of meritocracy, functionalists argue that education and the world of work are both meritocratic; because of their view everyone has an equal opportunity to achieve. Role allocation is another factor which functionalist believes. It does this by producing ideologies that explain why inequality is fair, natural or inevitable.
Education tries to convince people that inequality is inevitable and that failure is the fault of the individual, not the capitalist state. However, many agree and disagree for example the postmodernists believe that Marxism is out of date, and the correspondent no longer exists. Thus, their resistance to school ends up reproducing class inequality.
Also it is evident that Marxists argue amongst themselves as how reproduction and legitimation take place. The relationships and structures found in the education system mirror those of work.
Bowles and Gintis take the deterministic view and assume that pupils passively accept indoctrination. Functionalists disagree however; they see education as preparing young people for work by social solidarity and teaching them specialist skills.
Feminists argue that schools reproduce not only capitalism, but patriarchy too. They are able to partially see through the meritocratic ideology that claims working class pupils can get on through hard work.
Marxists believe that meritocracy is a myth, as the education system helps to prevent people from recognising their exploited position and rebelling against the system, by legitimating class inequalities.
How to cite this page Choose cite format: Marxists offer some validate ideas about the education system. Education equips individuals with the specialist skills needed to participate in work in a modern economy.
For example; Fragmentation — When in school pupils are broken up by subject, class, year group and in some cases ability. Willis rejects Bowles and Gintis Marxist view of education essay of the correspondent principle, rather than the lads passively accepting ruling class ideology, he found that the working class pupils might resist attempts to indoctrinate them in school.
Education also teaches children to follow universalistic rules, which are essential to co-operate in society. Davis and Moore This consists of the selection and allocation of individuals to their future work roles, a functionalist explanation of social stratification is that ; Some people are more talented than others, Some jobs are more complex than others and require greater skill, for society to function properly the most talented individuals need to be allocated to the most important jobs.
Teaching them a common history and shared rituals, is important to show pupils they share the same past and have a similar purpose. Hire Writer Legitimation performs as a function in which education legitimates class inequality by producing ideologies that disguise its true cause.Althusser (a Marxist) claims that the state consists of two elements to help them keep in control; the ideological state apparatus that controls people’s ideas and values.
The ISA includes religion, mass media and the education that means that the education system is used by the ruling class as a tool to control people’s views and ideas.
Essay on Marxist vs Functionalist View of Ed. COMPARE AND CONTRAST THE FUNCTIONALIST AND MARXIST VIEWS ON EDUCATION (20 marks) The role of education is to educate individuals within society and to prepare them for working life, also to integrate individuals and teach them the norms, values and roles within society.
Read this essay on Marxist View on Education. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at mi-centre.com". Marxist Functions on Education Words | 10 Pages.
Assess the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce the existing class structure.
Claire Jones Education is a vital system in most societies, and is compulsory for. Marxist View on Education Words Oct 11th, 7 Pages Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the education system exists mainly to select and prepare young people for their future work roles.
Assess the Marxist View of the Role of Education in Society. According to Marxists, modern societies are Capitalist, and are structured along class-lines, and such societies are divided into two major classes – The Bourgeois elite who own and control the means of production who exploit the Proletariat by extracting surplus value from them.Download