Pretexting[ edit ] "Blagger" redirects here. At one point this experiment aborted, as so many people were looking up that they stopped traffic. Following common courtesy, the legitimate person will usually hold the door open for the attacker or the attackers themselves may ask the employee to hold it open for them.
His book, Influence: Cialdini cites incidents such as the Milgram experiments in the early s and the My Lai massacre. The legitimate person may fail to ask for identification for any of several reasons, or may accept an assertion that the attacker has forgotten or lost the appropriate identity token.
Ethiopia had been reciprocating for I love engineering diplomatic support Mexico provided when Italy invaded Ethiopia in Typically, the phisher sends an e-mail that appears to come from a legitimate business—a bank, or credit card company —requesting "verification" of information and warning of some dire consequence if it is not provided.
Some of the many biases favoring more attractive people are discussed. Curious people take it and plug it into a computer, infecting the host and any attached networks.
Other examples of social engineering attacks are criminals posing as exterminators, fire marshals and technicians to go unnoticed as they steal company secrets. IVR or phone phishing[ edit ] Main article: Watering hole attack Water holing is a targeted social engineering strategy that capitalizes on the trust users have in websites they regularly visit.
See conformityand the Asch conformity experiments. An unknowing employee may find it and insert the disk into a computer to satisfy his or her curiosity, or a good Samaritan may find it and return it to the company. The victim feels safe to do things they would not do in a different situation.
Pretexting can also be used to impersonate co-workers, police, bank, tax authorities, clergy, insurance investigators—or any other individual who could have perceived authority or right-to-know in the mind of the targeted victim.
Baiting[ edit ] Baiting is like the real-world Trojan horse that uses physical media and relies on the curiosity or greed of the victim. Phishing credit-card account numbers and their passwords. It is also employed by attackers for reconnaissance purposes to gather more detailed intelligence on a target organisation.
The preparation involves gathering information about websites the targets often visit from the secure system. Among the many motivations for deception are: The attacker then leaves the disk on the floor of an elevator or somewhere in the lobby of the target company. Vishing[ edit ] Vishing, otherwise known as " voice phishing ", is the criminal practice of using social engineering over the telephone system to gain access to private personal and financial information from the public for the purpose of financial reward.
It is the main difference between phishing attacks because phishing campaigns focus on sending out high volumes of generalized emails with the expectation that only a few people will respond. Authority — People will tend to obey authority figures, even if they are asked to perform objectionable acts.
A very recent type of social engineering technique includes spoofing or hacking IDs of people having popular e-mail IDs such as Yahoo!
Hackers may give them enticing labels, such as "Employee Salaries" or "Confidential". Gradually the hacker gains the trust of the target and then uses that trust to get access to sensitive information like password or bank account details. Eventually this person will hit someone with a legitimate problem, grateful that someone is calling back to help them.
The victim is prompted typically via a phishing e-mail to call in to the "bank" via a ideally toll free number provided in order to "verify" information.
The attacker may also fake the action of presenting an identity token. The most common type of social engineering happens over the phone.
Phishing Phishing is a technique of fraudulently obtaining private information. The researchers were able to see how many of the drives had files on them opened, but not how many were inserted into a computer without having a file opened.
So, the attacker prepares a trap for the unwary prey at a favored watering hole.A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah Engineers Edge - Engineering tools, Engineering and Manufacturing Resources for the engineering world.
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