Although the Franks continued to claim northern Italy, the enclaves of the Western Roman Empire remained out of their hands and Constantine used the Pope to make good between the empire and the Frankish kingdom which was currently expanding across Western Europe.
In Maximianus captured Ticinum from the Lombards, expanding the dominion of the Western emperors. By the time of the Crisis of the Third Centuryusurpation became a common method of succession: Unwilling, however, to annex the Romans, Charlemagne was persuaded by the Pope to accept a yearly tribute instead.
Stability was not achieved for long, as conflicts with internal and outside forces grew. Constantine the son of Constantius emerged from the ensuing power struggles as sole emperor of a reunified Rome in After his death in the empire was divided for the last time.
InCharlemagne visited Rome and was granted the title of patrician, as well as a forced recognition from the Western Roman Empire.
The enterprise ended in disaster.
Yet the relief of the Lombard defeat was not enough to restore the withering empire. The city was his New Rome and was later named Constantinople the "city of Constantine". However, Inventius could not reverse the storm which was about to hit Italy in the form of the Lombards.
Imperial loyalist movements suggested that the referendum in Ravenna was held under military pressure, as almost none of voters among the population raised their voice against the annexation.
Petronius Maximus, the Western emperor upon the death of Felix, was promptly murdered by Ricimer, a German commander. The rivers Rhine and Danube became the permanent borders of the Roman empire in the North. The Western Roman Empire was spared "by the hand of God" when the Franks finally agreed to an alliance against the Lombards.
Since he had left no heirs, a new period of dynastic struggle ensued. Again Theodosius I won, and he briefly ruled a united Empire until his death in Sometimes deals would be struck with the leaders of barbarian mercenaries rewarding them with land, which led to a downward spiral as less land meant there would be even less taxes to support the military.
Under these circumstances, the sack of Rome came as no surprise. The regular soldiers were often more than enough to keep one noble at a time in line and prevent them from simply overthrowing the emperor or the political union of the empire, but not enough to keep them all in check at once.
Again the response was delayed, so Alaric asked for grain for his people and for their recognition as citizens of the empire, but the emperor Honorius refused.This is the `official' end of the Roman Empire.
CE: Romulus Augustulus, the last Western Roman emperor, deposed by Odoacer and sent into forced retirement in Campania. CE: Julius Nepos, the last Western Roman emperor, dies. In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern provinces, referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
End of an Era – The Fall of The Western Roman Empire Posted by Alcibiades | Dec 5, | Ancient History, Medieval History | 0 The fall of the Roman Empire in marked the end of the Ancient world and the start of the Middle Ages.
The history of the Roman Empire covers the history of Ancient Rome from the fall of the Roman Republic in 27 BC until the abdication of the last Western emperor in AD. Rome had begun expanding shortly after the founding of the Republic in the 6th century BC, though it did not expand outside of the Italian Peninsula until the 3rd century BC.
. There are possibly more explanations for the fall of the Roman Empire than for any other event in history: from the theory that links the widespread use of lead in utensils and glass with mental impairment (and hence incapacity for rule) to the sequoia tree theory, which purports to show through reduced ring growth in these ancient trees how the period /5(2).
The western Empire spoke Latin and was Roman Catholic. The eastern Empire spoke Greek and worshipped under the Eastern Orthodox branch of the Christian church. Over time, the east thrived, while the west declined.Download